All You Need to Know About Cybersecurity
Cybercrimes are increasing massively each year. In fact, according to Cybercrime Magazine, cybercrime will cost the world $10.5 trillion annually by 2025.
The best way to protect yourself from falling prey to cybercrimes is by being aware of common tactics and keeping your systems and devices secure. In honor of Cybersecurity Month, let’s take a closer look at this essential toolset and how to best harness it for your protection.
What is cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity protects online devices, networks, data, and electronic systems from attacks by hackers, scammers, and cybercriminals.
There are several major categories of cybersecurity:
- Network security is the securing of a computer network from intruders who commit crimes by targeted attack or malware.
- Application security focuses on protecting software and devices from threats.
- Information security protects the integrity and privacy of data.
- Operational security includes handling and protecting data assets.
- Cloud security refers to creating secure cloud applications for companies that use cloud service providers, like Google, AWS, etc.
- Identity management and data security protects processes that enable authorization and authentication of legitimate individuals to an organization’s systems.
- Mobile security protects data stored on mobile devices from threats.
Methods of cybercrimes
All forms of cybercrimes threaten cybersecurity in some way. Here are some of the methods used to wage attacks:
- Malware- includes ransomware, spyware, and viruses. These can install harmful software, block access to systems or provide scammers with access to data.
- Trojans- trick users into thinking they’re opening a harmless file, but they’re really installing a backdoor that provides access to cyber criminals.
- Botnets- conducted via remotely controlled malware-infected devices and usually employed as a large-scale attack.
- Adware- involves a potentially unwanted program installed without the user’s permission, which automatically generates unwanted online advertisements.
- Phishing- employed by email, text, or social media messages tricks the target into sharing sensitive information.
How can I protect myself against cyberattacks?
Fortunately, there are many ways to protect yourself from cyberattacks:
- Update your software and operating systems often.
- Use anti-virus software.
- Use strong, unique passwords across all your online accounts.
- Never open email attachments or click on links from unknown senders.
- Avoid using unsecured public WiFi.
Through awareness and the use of cybersecurity tools, you can keep your devices and personal information secure.